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Sibilini Mountain National Park

Practice on:

Sustainable development of economical activities in natural side.

Practical details:
NUTS 1: ITECENTRO (I)
NUTS 2: ITE2 Umbria
Start date: 1993
Type of initiative:  public
Description of the practice:

The good practice demonstrates that is possible  for a local public authority to preserve natural side (by specific and restrictive laws) but it's also possible to support Smes operating in a protected areas, by creating for them special businesses opportunities (connected to tourism to agricultural and commercial activities).


The Park was created thanks to Italian law about natural area conservation (Law n. 394/1991)  in order to to preserve and to manage natural areas.

National Park of Monti Sibillini was founded by Presidential Decree (D.P.R.) on 6 August 1993, it includes 700 hectares of land (it 's located between two Italian regions: Umbria and Marche). The Park was created in order to preserve animal and vegetal species, and to manage environmental  solutions  to achieve integration between man and natural areas. The park is financed thanks to public funding: in 2011 Park obtained 513 millions of euro (in comparison with previous years there was a  cut of 20% in public funding because Italian Government decisions). Sibillini Park  is a good practice because Park  preserves natural sides and in the meanwhile Park's presence help economical activities development.

One of the management tools of the Park is "The interpretation plan" an instrument for addressing land use through the integrated planning of facilities, structures, paths, and activities (and materials) in order to respect: the fragility and vulnerability of areas to be granted access; the desire to safeguard and educate about the protected area;  the socio-economic development goals of the area. The actions of this Plan are the following:

(1) Conservation projects, such as European LIFE EX-TRA: “Improving the conditions for large carnivore conservation”, or LIFE COORNATA: “Development of coordinated protection measures for Apennine Chamois”, and also Reintroduction Program for Deer.

(2) Enjoyment activities, such as dedicated "visitor welcome centers", the “Great Rings”, network of hiking paths, sightseeing in historic town centers, smaller structures for recreational use.

(3) Communication actions in order to promote the Park.

(4) Businesses support, by creating a quality label with Sibillini Park logo: thanks to this logo businesses operating in park area are classificated according to three quality level (gold, silver and bronze).  Sibillini Park has got also an European dimension, as a matter of fact Sibillini Park rallied to the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism in natural areas. The charter wants to help Park Agency and public institution managing natural areas to increase awareness of, and support for, Europe’s protected areas as a fundamental part of our heritage, which should be preserved for, and enjoyed by, current and future generations.

Evidence of success
Biological/biodiversity values:

Monti Sibillini Park has got a very strong link to biodiversity values. Flora: Artemisia petrosa ssp. eriantha, the stella alpina dell’Appennino (Appennine Alpine Star) (Leontopodium alpinum ssp. nivale) as well as Viola eugeniae, Anemone millefoliata, Gentiana dinarica, Dryas octopetala; in the scree and detrital areas it is possible to find Drypis spinosa ssp. spinosa, Isatis allionii, Linaria alpina, Robertia taraxacoides, etc.

The presence of Ephedra nebrodensis in Valnerina and Carex disticha in the “Pian Grande” is telling, as it is only one of the two places where it grows in Italy. Fauna: among the mammals, worth mentioning are the wolf, the elusive mountain cat, the porcupine, whose diffusion in the warmer areas is a recent phenomenon, and the roe. The deer and the apennine chamois have returned to the park thanks to specific reintroduction projects. Of the birds, the royal eagle is worth a particular mention; since the institution of the park it has begun to build nests in areas that had been abandoned for years. Also the goshawk, peregrin hawk and the sparrow hawk, typical inhabitants of the wooded habitat. Other bird species represented are the royal owl, the southern Greek patridge, the alpine sea crow and chough, golden plover, redstart, alpine accentor, snow bird, and the nuthatch. Reptiles are represented by the viper of the Ursini, which on M. Sibillini reaches the northernmost limit of its diffusion in Italy. An invertebrate example is the chyrocefalo of Marchesoni, endemic to Pilato lake.

Visual impact and recreational value:

Sibillini Park area includes a big visual heritage, such as castles, fortifications, museums, churches and shrines. Moreover Sibillini Park offers many recreational activities, such as: treks and excursions, mountain bike tours, guided tours, horsemanship tours, special events dedicated to endogastronomy, nature and history.

Cultural heritage:

Sibillini Park is strictly connected to cultural heritage of the area, because the presence of many farm and agrofood business involved, also in ancient time, in the production of typical food: meat pork (head coppa, pork loin, capocollo, larded cured meats, ham), cheese (pecorino), lentils.  Lentils and ham have got the European quality scheme: Protected Geographical Indication (PGI).

Environmental impact:

All the activities have a good impact on the environment. Sibillini Park was created in order to preserve natural sides and this is the first mission of the Park. Moreover in the Park area there are 20 SCI areas and they cover the 50% of the total area of the Park.

Economic viability:

Park is funded thanks to public funding. Park's budget is spent: to pay public servants, to pay for administrative functions, to pay agricultural entrepreneurs for animal damages, and at the end 10% remains for planning enjoyment and communication actions. In 2011 Park obtained 513 millions of euro (in comparison with previous years there was a  cut of 20%, because Italian Government decision), as a consequence probably some promotional actions will be reduced.

Transferability:
Transferibility of this practice is quite high, as a matter of fact all over Europe there are natural and protected areas. The important thing is to have local authority able to make law in order to preserve natural side also by increasing economical activities.

Contact details:
Name: Maria Grazia Talamè – Responsible for external Communication
Organisation: National Park of Sibillini mountains
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Website: http://www.sibillini.net/en


Completed on: 29.07.2011
Date added: 6.9.2011  Hits: 146
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